The paramedics are responsible for the longest period of economic stagnation in New Brunswick in recent history.
And, they have caused the provincial labour market to start shrinking after decades of strong growth and, to top it off, they are responsible for New Brunswick having the most turbulent provincial political environment among the 10 provinces across Canada over the past 15 or so years.
That’s right. You may not have looked at it recently, but no other province has had the most unstable politics since the early 2000s. We haven’t had a Premier serve two full terms since Frank McKenna did it in the late 1980s and early to mid 1990s. He was elected three times.
Bernard Lord had to call an election early in his second term because Peter Michaud quit politics triggering an election. Shawn Graham won and then lost after one term. David Alward won and then lost after one term. Brian Gallant won and then lost (it seems?) after one term. Now we facing a minority and likely unstable government for at least some time.
For a 26-year period starting in 1981 and ending in 2006, the New Brunswick economy grew by an average annual (inflation-adjusted) rate of 2.5 per cent a year. Not stellar growth but solid growth. This expansion was fueled in large part by an expanding labour force as young people graduated from high school, college or university and wanted to work. In fact, some people argue we had a surplus of labour and that is why so many left over the years.
As the figure shows, labour force growth has also collapsed in recent years and, in fact, has turned negative – peaking at 395,200 in 2013 and dropping to 383,900 in 2017. It is set to decline further as the Baby Boomers start to retire in full force.
So, why blame the paramedics?
Look at the political response. Read the paper, listen to CBC. What has been the top response by politicians? We’re going to fix the paramedics. That’s how we will endear ourselves to the voters and ensure a long and stable period of political harmony in New Brunswick for the next decade or so.
There was a headline that read something like, “The first thing Blaine Higgs will do as Premier,” and I hoped to see a story talking about an economic swat team – the best and brightest minds put to work to solve this decade-long puzzle – but nope. His first action will be to fix the paramedics.
Of course much of this post is in jest because we all know that while the voters tell Don Mills the economy is their top concern (CRA polling), they don’t really vote that way – or at best this is an indirect rationale – they vote out of anger and frustration related to specific issues – paramedics, taxes, perceived fairness, et cetera.
But the truth remains. New Brunswickers are restless and I think it is at least loosely tied to the economic crisis. They see it in their local community. The nursing home can’t find workers. A foreign-looking and sounding worker suddenly showed up behind the counter at the local Subway restaurant even as little Jonny sits on the couch playing video games because he “can’t find a job” that interests him.
Think about Brad Wall. The most loved Premier over the past decade-plus – he resigned with 70 per cent approval ratings – practically McKennaesque. Why? He 1) presided over a period of rapid economic growth and 2) he was seen by his constituents as a tireless champion for the province – standing up to Ottawa, and fighting for his province.
IMO, carbon taxes, glysophate, paramedics, nursing homes are just flash in the pan issues that will have some effect on the economy and government finances but in the end if we don’t solve the shrinking labour market and if we are not able to encourage investment in new growth industries we will be right back at the polls again and again and again.
No one really knows what another 10 years of 0.5 per cent growth per year will do to the province. The last 10 years saw a doubling of provincial government debt. Another doubling along with a rising interest rate environment would not be good.
Of course, the federal government could save our bacon. It could offer 6-7 per cent increases in transfer payments to make up for the structurally weak economy here. Unlikely but I guess theoretically possible.
One of the biggest issues is that government officials (elected and bureaucrats) don’t really believe the government can do much to positively impact the economy. They see economic development as government setting up a pot of cash and doling it out to businesses in the hope they expand.
When the economy doesn’t grow the response is that it is hubris to think that a government can actually shift the trajectory of an economy – at least in the short run.
I’m sympathetic to that view in general but there are very specific ways government – right now – can positively impact the economy.
- Dramatic boost in international students in the post-secondary education system – particularly colleges – as a direct feeder into export-focused industries. I would flood the system with students – many will end up graduating and leaving but many will stay.
- Encourage one or more firms to start searching for natural gas again. We think we may be sitting on a vast sea of gas and we don’t even know if it can be extracted in a commercially viable way – why not at least try? New Brunswick uses a lot of natural gas – mostly in industry – and it is almost all coming in now from Alberta, the southern U.S. and other countries. Why are we putting our firms and industries at a competitive disadvantage?
- Try and encourage one or more mining projects. We have potash, tungsten, manganese. I think there are something like 90 active claims right now and mining GDP has collapsed from more than 8 per cent of the economy to less than 1 per cent. Be creative. Hustle.
- Encourage investment in the tourism sector. This can be immigrant investors or young people looking to advance their career by owning a business. Push on this.
- Encourage investment in agriculture – we have a large swathe of agricultural land that is fallow – and we have aging farmers. This has been one of the bright spots in the economy in recent years. It’s time to turbocharge.
- Double down on business services. We have some of the best-known firms in Canada serving national markets from Moncton, Saint John, et cetera. This brings upwards of $1.4-billion in export revenue to the province. Instead of holding on for dear life – and hoping these firms can find workers – let’s set a goal of $2-billion and flood the province with workers for that sector (hopefully college grads from local schools).
There are many other examples but you can see the common theme is that they all involve government policy – and not just doling out government cash. In fact, most of the opportunities above wouldn’t require direct transfers of cash from the government to industry.
Or we can sit around debating how to whip the paramedics into shape.
David Campbell writes a blog about economic development in Atlantic Canada called It’s The Economy, Stupid. This post was republished with permission. Campbell also operates Jupia Consultants, a consulting company that conducts demographic and economic analysis.